• Round Table Session : «Space Contribution to Climate Monitoring»
    Organizer : Philippe ESCUDIER (CNES)
    Date / Time: Tuesday 29, May 2018 -  08:30 – 10:00
    Room: Auditorium
    Outlines: The objective of the Round Table has been to illustrate the contribution of Space Assets for Climate monitoring, and their specificity as a complement to in-situ data and models.
    Considering the general scope of this Symposium, beyond generic discussion about space contribution to climate monitoring, the need for long and homogeneous time series, the importance of meta data such as satellite events catalogue, on-ground and in flight calibration information in order to allow high precision long term re processing will be highlighted.
    Moderator Pascal LECOMTE
    Head of the ESA Climate Office – Sciences, Applications and Climate Department
    Introductory Talk Hervé Le Treut
    Professor, Sorbonne University and Ecole Polytechnique, Director of Institut Pierre Simon Laplace
    Panelists Dr. Jörg Schulz
    Climate Service & Product Manager, EUMETSAT,

    Dr. William Blackwell
    MIT Lincoln Laboratory - Associate Leader, Applied Space Systems Group

    Pascal Gilles
    Head of the EO GS Infrastructure and Operations Management at the European Space Agency,

    Olivier Marsal
    CNES - Head of Earth Observation Department at Digital solution, Ground segment and Operations,

    Dr. Thomas Beer
    Copernicus Policy Coordinator, Copernicus Space Office, ESA-ESRIN. 
  • Moderator

      Pascal LECOMTE
      Head of the ESA Climate Office – Sciences, Applications and Climate Department

    Pascal studied Mathematics and Physics in Paris before moving to Brest where he completed a Diplôme D'Etude Approfondie in Oceanography physics. After working with the Orstom (former name of the IRD) in Mauritania and Senegal for one year, he joined the IFREMER that had just created the CERSAT, the French Processing and Archiving Facility dedicated to Altimetry and Scatterometry. He designed the algorithm to process the ERS scatterometer data and after just over two years joined ESA which was creating the Product Control Service to monitor and improve the quality of the ERS products. Over more than 22 years, Pascal developed a strategy and put it in place for the current Earth Observation Missions, ERS and Envisat. This strategy is being extended to a multi mission environment called SPPA (Sensor Performance, Products and Algorithm) and is described in a strategy document. The quality of this work has been recognised worldwide in particular through the quality of the products delivered by ESA. 
    In 2005 he joined the CEOS WGCV and extended that strategy at the international level proposing QA4EO, the quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation which has been endorsed by CEOS and is actively supported by GEO. 
    Since the beginning of 2010, he is based in the newly created ESA Harwell Center as Head of the ESA Climate Office. In this new position, he is playing an important role in the development of the ESA CCI as programme manager, and at an international level as in various context and in particular within the CEOS.
  • Introductory Talk

      Hervé Le Treut 
    Professor, Sorbonne University and Ecole Polytechnique, Director of Institut Pierre Simon Laplace

    Hervé Le Treut is a physicist, trained at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, who was for the largest part of his career a researcher at CNRS. His PhD (1985, University Pierre et Marie Cury), and his work during the following years, was focused on the development of climate models (cloud paraméterizations, early ocean/atmosphere coupled models) and the understanding of feedback processes that affect the response of the climate system to radiative forcing. In this context he was  a user of space data and  one of the PIs of the space mission Calipso. Hervé Le Treut has been the director of LMD (Laboratoire de Métorologie Dynamique) and is the current director of IPSL (Institute Pierre Simon Laplace, a federation of 9 laboratories in the Paris area).  He has been a member of the WCRP Joint Scientific Committee and a regular participant to the IPCC Assessment Reports. He is presently professor at Sorbonne University and Ecole Polytechnique. Hervé Le Treut was strongly involved in the debates surrounding the issue of Climate Change, and was part of the COP21 Pilot Committee. His current work is dedicated to Climate Change Adaptation. Hervé Le Treut is a member of the French Academy of Sciences.
    Talk Title: Climate Change: new concerns for society, new objectives for science?
    The concerns about climate change consequences have been continuously increasing during  the last decades, due the constantly increasing rate of  greenhouse gases emissions. There is now a widely accepted recognition that the minimal objectives of the Paris/COP21agreement, e.g. to prevent  the earth surface temperature from a warming larger than 2°C, will be very difficult to meet, and requires a new agenda, where actions in terms of climate attenuation or climate adaptation need to be taken at a very short time scale, that of the next few years, and to be maintained throughout the coming century. The role of space observation to facilitate and orientate this process is huge, and can be summarized by key issues such as understanding the climate processes and their uncertainty, monitoring current climate change in relation with model projections, verifying the national contributions, anticipating future changes, etc... Many missions are already designed to face these requirements. But the manifestations of climate change may bring new problems and therefore new targets for space missions. The most urgent one may be: how can space data help us in the design of new adaptation policies at the regional scale, policies which are needed now, if we want them to help us later on during this century?
  • Panelists

      Dr. Jörg Schulz
      Climate Service & Product Manager, EUMETSAT

    Dr. Jörg Schulz is a meteorological scientist with more than 25 years of experience in remote sensing, radiative transfer modelling and satellite instrument calibration. He graduated in 1989 at the University of Hamburg, Germany, followed by a PhD on the remote sensing of evaporation over global oceans. Since 2010 he is leading the climate activities at EUMETSAT that is delivering climate data records for several applications including the global reanalysis at ECMWF. He is involved in European research projects and the Copernicus Climate Change Service addressing the generation of climate data records from historical and new instruments and elaborating new methods for uncertainty quantification. He authored and co-authored more than 80 publications including the architecture for space-based climate monitoring. He has led the WCRP GEWEX Data and Analysis Panel from 2014-2016 and is currently the Chair of the joint CEOS/CGMS Working Group on Climate and also a member of the WCRP Data Advisory Council.
    Talk Title: “EUMETSAT’s support to climate science and services”
    Observations from space provide unique information of the climate system, so it is evident, that the future of the global climate observing system depends critically upon a major satellite component. EUMETSAT already holds more than 35 years of Meteosat and other satellite data series in its archive and is committed to extend existing climate data records and initiate new ones in the next decades. This will be achieved with instrument data from the new multi-satellite programmes MTG and EPS-SG and be based on the exploitation of Copernicus Sentinel missions on behalf of the European Union. In addition, historical satellite data reaching back into the 1970s are analysed and prepared for use in climate analysis. Historic satellite instruments were mostly built to monitor weather while many new satellite instruments are directly usable for climate monitoring. The challenge for creating useful climate data records is to quality control and recalibrate data from old instruments and to combine these with data from new instrument series into meaningful climate data records. Such data records shall also contain an estimate of the uncertainty introduced by the measurement process and applied algorithms that is important for the usage of the data in context with other measurements and models. The presentation has provided an overview of EUMETSAT’s scientific and operational activities in support to climate science and services. 
      Dr. William Blackwell
      MIT Lincoln Laboratory
      Associate Leader, Applied Space Systems Group

    Bill Blackwell has served as principal investigator on MicroMAS-1, MicroMAS-2, and MiRaTA cubesat atmospheric sounding programs. He is currently PI on the NASA TROPICS Earth Venture mission, is leading the formulation of the Earth Observing Nanosatellite-Microwave mission for NOAA, and is the Associate Leader of the Applied Space Systems Group at MIT Lincoln Laboratory.  Dr. Blackwell now serves on the NASA Aqua science team and previously served as the Sensor Scientist for the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder, now operational on the SNPP and NOAA-20 satellites. Dr. Blackwell has authored over 125 papers on all aspects of atmospheric remote sensing.
    Talk Title: The TROPICS constellation mission.
    Dr. Blackwell has discussed climate signatures to be examined by the TROPICS mission, including diurnal characteristics of tropical cyclones and the potential for small satellite constellations to contribute to compelling climate questions.
      Pascal Gilles
      Head of the EO GS Infrastructure and Operations Management at the European Space Agency,

    Pascal Gilles a French national, earned his degree in Atmospheric Physics from the Ecole Nationale de la Météorologie in France.
    Gilles moved from the Direction de la Meteorologie Nationale in France to ESA’s European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Germany in 1984 to work on quality control for Meteosat data. In 1987, he moved to ESA’s Centre for Earth Observation (ESRIN) in Frascati, Italy, to assume the role of Head of Quality Control Services.
    In 1994, he began working on the Envisat mission. Following the successful launch of Envisat in 2002, he assumed the role of Operations Manager, a role he continued to fulfil while serving as CryoSat Mission Manager. 
    He too over the post of Head of the Earth Explorers Payload Data Ground Segment Projects Office in 2008. 
    He was appointed to his current role in 2012.
    Talk Title: The new paradigms of Data Access
     Olivier MARSAL
     Head of the « Earth Observation » department (Digital solutions, ground segment & operations Directorate)

    Olivier Marsal joined CNES in 1986. He took part in the preparation and implementation of several missions of French astronauts on board US and Russian space stations, and participated in studies aiming at deploying seismic stations on the surface of Mars. Then, he joined the field of Earth Observation in 2003, working on the development of satellites in order to better understand our environment. In 2011, he was appointed Head of the “mission exploitation” department, in charge of CNES missions during their in-orbit exploitation phase. Since the beginning of 2017, his job as Head of the “Earth Observation” department encompasses the development of the payload data ground segments and the responsibility
    of in-orbit missions. This department also aims at fostering the usage of Earth Observation data, in particular thanks to cooperation with a large number of French institutes to set up data hubs providing value-added products combining space and in situ data, through Data Centers (Aeris, Formater, Odatis, Theia). It is also involved in several initiatives aiming at helping private companies develop applications using EO data.
    Talk Title: The Space Climate Observatory: a world Observatory of climate change and its impacts from Earth Observation data
    Satellites are essential tools to help understand the mechanisms of climate change: thanks to their global observations and the continuity of their measurements (e.g. more than 25 years of ocean altimetry, Calipso, IASI and IASI NG data…), they provide time series of extremely valuable data, which are the basis for several international climate-related programmes: at the European level, in particular, the ESA-led Climate Change Initiative or the Copernicus Climate Change Service. 
    On 11 December 2017, space agencies invited by CNES proposed to work towards the creation of a Space Climate Observatory (SCO) as a response to climate change and its societal impacts. As compared to existing international initiatives mentioned above, which mainly address climate change at the global scale, this Observatory focuses on the delivery of data, building derived information and tools to help decision makers who have to adapt to continental, regional and local impacts of climate change. CNES has started defining an overall concept. International cooperation is obviously a fundamental element of this endeavour; CNES is therefore setting up a series of workshops with international partners to define an inclusive international dimension for SCO and identify the ones who are willing to contribute to the SCO.
    First demonstration cases will be presented during the Toulouse Space Show at the end of June 2018. 

     Dr. Thomas Beer
    Copernicus Policy Coordinator, Copernicus Space Office, ESA-ESRIN

    Studied Law and Economics in Berlin, Doctorate in Law from the “Freie Universität” Berlin, International Law Department, in 1986. Legal Counsel with Alcatel SEL, Stuttgart, 1986-1987.
    As from 1988, Staff member of the European Space Agency (ESA). Various positions in the area of International Procurement and Space Policy, based in Toulouse, Paris, Brussels and Rome: Procurement Officer, Head of Section, from 1988 to 1992, Toulouse; Head of the ESA HQ Contracts Service from 1998 to 2004, Paris. Detached to the Council of the European Union (Directorate for Defence Aspects), Brussels, from 2004 to 2007.
    February 2007 to June 2008: ESA Director General’s Cabinet, Security Strategy and Partnership Development Office, Paris. As from 1 July 2008:  Policy Coordinator in the Copernicus Space Office, Rome.
    Talk Title: ESA's contribution to Climate Monitoring, in particular Copernicus.
    The intervention has addressed the main streams of work dedicated by ESA to Climate Monitoring. These efforts include the contributions to the Space Climate Observatory (resulting from the One Planet Summit), the ESA Climate Change Initiative (and its ECV's) and the Copernicus Space Component (Sentinels) contributing to the Copernicus Climate Change Service.

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